Barry Alto Curriculum Vitae (abridged)


  • Ph.D., Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, 2006
  • M.S., Biology, Illinois State University, 2000
  • B.A., cum laude, Biology, University of St. Thomas, 1997


  • 2010 Assistant Professor (arbovirology), University of Florida
  • 2008 - 2010 Director: Medical Entomology Program, Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois
  • 2006 - 2008 Postdoctoral Fellow: Yale University

Recent Appointments, Awards, and Professional Service:

  • 2014, Richard Jones Outstanding New Faculty Research Award, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
  • 2011-2014, Editorial Board (served as chair in 2014), Entomological Society of America (Journal of Medical Entomology).
  • 2011-2014, Faculty Assembly representative, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
  • 2014-present, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Faculty Research Advisory Group, University of Florida.


  • Mosquito Biology (ENY4592) and Advanced Mosquito Biology (ENY6593), Fall semester.


  • 2014-2015 FL DACS: Emergence and risk prediction for Florida of chikungunya virus from the Caribbean (role: PI).
  • 2014-2015 FL DACS: Quantifying risk factors for chikungunya virus invasion in Florida (role: Co-PI).
  • 2014-2015 FL DACS: Improved surveillance for Florida of dengue and chikungunya viruses through the development of a rapid detection method (role: Co-PI).
  • 2014-2015 FL DACS: Audodissemination of insect growth regulators to suppress dengue fever and chikungunya vectors in Florida (role: Co-PI).
  • 2011, 2013, 2014: Undergraduate research program, IFAS, Office of the Dean for Research, University of Florida (role: PI)
  • 2013: Early Career Scientist Seed Funding. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Effects of larval competition on vectorial capacity parameters of dengue vectors (role: PI)
  • 2011-2012 FL DACS: Improving efficacy of pesticide control by understanding its relation to density dependence in mosquito disease vectors (role: PI).
  • 2011-2012 FL DACS: Geographic distribution and investigation of the larval habitats and vector status of Culex coronator in Florida (role: Co-PI).
  • 2011-2012 FL DACS: Assessment of phenotypic insecticide resistance on the vector competence of an Aedes aegypti mosquito population from Key West, Florida (role: Co-PI).
  • 2010-2011 FL DACS: Risk assessment of Florida Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus for transmission of dengue virus (role: Co-investigator).

Representative Publications (since 2008)

  • Alto, B.W., Bettinardi, D.J., & Ortiz, S. 2015. Interspecific larval competition differentially impacts adult survival in dengue vectors. J. Med. Entomol. (in press).
  • Glushakova, L.G., Bradley, A., Bradley, K., Alto, B.W., Sharma, N., Hoshika, S., Hutter, D., Yang, Z., Benner, & S.A. 2015. High-throughput multiplexed xMAP Luminex array panel for detection of twenty two medically important mosquito-borne arboviruses based on innovations in synthetic biology. J. Virol. Methods (in press).
  • Alto, B.W., Smartt, C.T., Shin, D., Bettinardi, D., Malicoate, J., Anderson, S.L., & Richards, S.L. 2014. Susceptibility of Florida Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus to dengue viruses from Puerto Rico. J. Vector Ecol. 39: 406-413.
  • Alto, B.W., Connelly, R.C., O'Meara, G.F., Hickman, D., & Karr, N. 2014. Reproductive biology and susceptibility of Florida Culex coronator to infection with West Nile virus. Vector-Borne Zoonotic Dis. 14: 606-614.
  • Alto, B.W., Richards, S.L., Anderson, S.L., & Lord, C.C. 2014. Survival in West Nile virus challenged Southern house mosquito Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus in relation to environmental temperature. J. Vector Ecol. 39: 123-133.
  • Lord, C.C., Alto, B.W., Anderson, S.A., Connelly, C.R., Day, J.F., Richards, S.L., Smartt, C.T. & Tabachnick W.J. 2014. Can Horton hear the whos? Scale in vector-borne disease. J. Med. Entomol. 51: 297-313.
  • Costanzo K.S., Muturi, E.J., Montgomery, A.V. & Alto, B.W. 2014. Effect of LaCrosse encephalitis virus infection on life history traits of native Ochlerotatus triseriatus and invasive Stegomyia albopicta. Med. Vet. Entomol. 28: 77-84.
  • Alto, B.W., Wasik, B.R., Morales, N.M., & P.E. Turner. 2013. Stochastic temperatures impede RNA virus adaptation. Evolution 67: 969-979.
  • Ogbunugafor, C.B., Alto, B.W., Overton, T.M., Bhushan, A., Morales, N.M. & P.E. Turner. 2013. Evolution of increased survival in RNA viruses specialized on cancer-derived cells. Am. Nat. 181: 585-595.
  • Alto, B.W., & Bettinardi, D. 2013. Temperature and dengue virus infection in mosquitoes: Independent effects on the immature and adult stages. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 88:497-505.
  • Alto, B.W., Lampman, R.L, Kesavaraju, B., & Muturi, E.J. 2013. Pesticide-induced release from competition among competing Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. Entomol. 50:1240-1249.
  • Buckner, E.A., Lounibos, L.P., & B.W. Alto. 2013. Infection, dissemination, and vertical transmission of Key West dengue-1 virus by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes from Florida. J. Med. Entomol. 50:1291-1297.
  • Shin, D., Richards, S.L., Alto, B.W., Bettinardi, D.J., & Smartt, C.T. 2013. Genome sequence analysis of dengue virus 1 isolated in Key West, Florida. PLoS One 8(9): e74582. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074582.
  • Lampman, R.L., Krasavin, N.M., Ward, M.P., Beveroth, T.A., Lankau, E.W., Alto, B.W., Muturi, E., & Novak, R.J. 2013. West Nile virus infection rates and avian serology in East central Illinois. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 29:108-122.
  • Alto B.W, & Lounibos L.P. 2013. Vector competence for arboviruses in relation to the larval environment of mosquitoes. In: Takken W, Koenraadt CJM (eds) Ecology of parasite-vector interactions. Ecology and control of vector-borne diseases, Volume 3. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Netherlands, pp. 81-101.
  • Alto, B.W., Malicoate, J., Elliott, S.M., & J. Taylor. 2012. Demographic consequences of predators on prey: Trait and density mediated effects on mosquito larvae in containers. PLoS One 7(11): e45785. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045785.
  • Richards, S.L., Anderson, S.L, & B.W. Alto. 2012. Vector competence of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) for dengue virus in the Florida Keys. J. Med. Entomol. 49: 942-946.
  • Alto, B.W., Muturi, E.J. & Lampman, R.L. 2012. Effects of nutrition and density-dependence in Culex pipiens. Med. Vet. Entomol. 26:396-406.
  • Westcott, N.E., Hilberg, S.D., Lampman, R.L, Alto, B.W., Bedel, A., Muturi, E.J., Glahn, H., Baker, M., Kunkel, K.E. & Novak, R.J. 2011. Predicting the seasonal shift in mosquito populations preceding the onset of the West Nile virus in Central Illinois. B. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 92:1173-1180.
  • Costanzo, K.S., Muturi, E.J. & B.W. Alto. 2011. Trait-mediated effects of predation across life-history stages in container mosquitoes. Ecol. Entomol. 36: 605-615.
  • Muturi, E.J., Kim, C-H., Alto, B.W., Berenbaum, M. & M. Schuler. 2011. Larval environmental stress alters Aedes aegypti competence for Sindbis virus. Trop. Med. Int. Health 16: 955-964.
  • Muturi, E.J., Costanzo, K.S., Kesavaraju, B. & B.W. Alto. 2011. Can pesticides and larval competition alter susceptibility of Aedes mosquitoes to arbovirus infection? J. Med. Entomol. 48: 429-436.
  • Alto, B.W. 2011. Interspecific larval competition between invasive Aedes japonicus and native A. triseriatus (Diptera: Culicidae) and adult longevity. J. Med. Entomol. 48:232-242.
  • Muturi, E.J., Costanzo, K.S., Kesavaraju, B., Lampman, R. & B.W. Alto. 2011. Effect of temperature and insecticide stress on life-history traits of Culex restuans and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. Entomol. 48: 243-250.
  • Muturi, E.J. & Alto, B.W. 2011. Larval environmental temperature and insecticide exposure alters Aedes aegypti competence for arboviruses. Vector-borne Zoonotic Dis. 11: 1157-1163.
  • Costanzo, K.S., Muturi, E.J., Lampman, R. & Alto, B.W. 2011. The effects of resource type and ratio on competition with Aedes albopictus and Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. Entomol. 48: 29-38.
  • Alto, B.W. & Turner, P.E. 2010. Consequences of host adaptation for performance of vesicular stomatitis virus in novel thermal environments. Evol. Ecol. 24: 299-315.
  • Kesavaraju, B., Alto, B.W., Afify, A. & Gaugler, R. 2010. Malathion influences competition between Aedes albopictus and Aedes japonicus. J. Med. Entomol. 47:1011-1018.
  • Muturi, E.J., Costanzo, K.S., Kesavaraju, B., Lampman, R. & Alto, B.W. 2010. Interactions of a pesticide and larval competition on life history traits of Culex pipiens. Acta Tropica 116:141-146.
  • Turner, P.E., Morales, N., Alto, B.W. & Remold, S.K. 2010. Role of evolved host breadth in the initial emergence of an RNA virus. Evolution 64: 3273-3286.
  • Alto, B.W., Kesavaraju, B., Juliano, S.A. & Lounibos, L.P. 2009. Stage-dependent predation on competitors: consequences for the outcome of a mosquito invasion. J. Anim. Ecol. 78: 928-936.
  • Alto, B.W., Reiskind, M.H. & Lounibos, L.P. 2008. Size alters susceptibility of vectors to dengue virus infection and dissemination. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 79: 688-695.
  • Alto, B.W., Lounibos, L.P., Mores, C.N. & Reiskind, M.H. 2008. Larval competition alters susceptibility of adult Aedes mosquitoes to dengue infection. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 275: 463-471.