Barry Alto Curriculum Vitae (abridged)


  • Ph.D., Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, 2006
  • M.S., Biology, Illinois State University, 2000
  • B.A., cum laude, Biology, University of St. Thomas, 1997


  • 2010 Assistant Professor (arbovirology), University of Florida
  • 2008 - 2010 Director: Medical Entomology Program, Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois
  • 2006 - 2008 Postdoctoral Fellow: Yale University

Other Appointments

  • 2010-present Affiliate, Illinois Natural History Survey, University of Illinois
  • 2011-present Editorial Board, Entomological Society of America (Journal of Medical Entomology)


  • Mosquito Biology (ENY4905) and Advanced Mosquito Biology (ENY6905), Fall semester.

Representative Publications

  • Costanzo K.S., Muturi, E.J., Montgomery, A.V. & Alto, B.W. 2014. Effect of LaCrosse encephalitis virus infection on life history traits of native Ochlerotatus triseriatus and invasive Stegomyia albopicta. Med. Vet. Entomol. 28: 77-84.
  • Alto, B.W., Wasik, B.R., Morales, N.M., & P.E. Turner. 2013. Stochastic temperatures impede RNA virus adaptation. Evolution 67: 969-979.
  • Ogbunugafor, C.B., Alto, B.W., Overton, T.M., Bhushan, A., Morales, N.M. & P.E. Turner. 2013. Evolution of increased survival in RNA viruses specialized on cancer-derived cells. Am. Nat. 181: 585-595.
  • Alto, B.W., & D. Bettinardi. 2013. Temperature and dengue virus infection in mosquitoes: Independent effects on the immature and adult stages. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 88:497-505.
  • Alto, B.W., Lampman, R.L, Kesavaraju, B., & Muturi, E.J. 2013. Pesticide-induced release from competition among competing Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. Entomol. 50:1240-1249.
  • Buckner, E.A., Lounibos, L.P., & B.W. Alto. 2013. Infection, dissemination, and vertical transmission of Key West dengue-1 virus by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes from Florida. J. Med. Entomol. 50:1291-1297.
  • Shin, D., Richards, S.L., Alto, B.W., Bettinardi, D.J., & Smartt, C.T. 2013. Genome sequence analysis of dengue virus 1 isolated in Key West, Florida. PLoS ONE 8(9): e74582. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074582. 
  • Lampman, R.L., Krasavin, N.M., Ward, M.P., Beveroth, T.A., Lankau, E.W., Alto, B.W., Muturi, E., & Novak, R.J. 2013. West Nile virus infection rates and avian serology in East central Illinois. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 29:108-122.
  • Alto B.W, & Lounibos L.P. 2013. Vector competence for arboviruses in relation to the larval environment of mosquitoes. In: Takken W, Koenraadt CJM (eds) Ecology of parasite-vector interactions. Ecology and control of vector-borne diseases, Volume 3. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Netherlands, pp. 81-101.
  • Alto, B.W., Malicoate, J., Elliott, S.M., & J. Taylor. 2012. Demographic consequences of predators on prey: Trait and density mediated effects on mosquito larvae in containers. PLoS ONE 7(11): e45785. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045785.
  • Richards, S.L., Anderson, S.L, & B.W. Alto. 2012. Vector competence of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) for dengue virus in the Florida Keys. J. Med. Entomol. 49: 942-946.
  • Alto, B.W., Muturi, E.J. & Lampman, R.L. 2012. Effects of nutrition and density-dependence in Culex pipiens. Med. Vet. Entomol. 26:396-406.
  • Westcott, N.E., Hilberg, S.D., Lampman, R.L, Alto, B.W., Bedel, A., Muturi, E.J., Glahn, H., Baker, M., Kunkel, K.E. & Novak, R.J. 2011. Predicting the seasonal shift in mosquito populations preceding the onset of the West Nile virus in Central Illinois. B. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 92:1173-1180.
  • Costanzo, K.S., Muturi, E.J. & B.W. Alto. 2011. Trait-mediated effects of predation across life-history stages in container mosquitoes. Ecol. Entomol. 36: 605-615. 
  • Muturi, E.J., Kim, C-H., Alto, B.W., Berenbaum, M. & M. Schuler. 2011. Larval environmental stress alters Aedes aegypti competence for Sindbis virus. Trop. Med. Int. Health 16: 955-964.
  • Muturi, E.J., Costanzo, K.S., Kesavaraju, B. & B.W. Alto. 2011. Can pesticides and larval competition alter susceptibility of Aedes mosquitoes to arbovirus infection? J. Med. Entomol. 48: 429-436.
  • Alto, B.W. 2011. Interspecific larval competition between invasive Aedes japonicus and native A. triseriatus (Diptera: Culicidae) and adult longevity. J. Med. Entomol. 48:232-242.
  • Muturi, E.J., Costanzo, K.S., Kesavaraju, B., Lampman, R. & B.W. Alto. 2011. Effect of temperature and insecticide stress on life-history traits of Culex restuans and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. Entomol. 48: 243-250.
  • Muturi, E.J. & Alto, B.W. 2011. Larval environmental temperature and insecticide exposure alters Aedes aegypti competence for arboviruses. Vector-borne Zoonotic Dis. 11: 1157-1163.
  • Costanzo, K.S., Muturi, E.J., Lampman, R. & Alto, B.W. 2011. The effects of resource type and ratio on competition with Aedes albopictus and Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. Entomol. 48: 29-38.
  • Alto, B.W. & Turner, P.E. 2010. Consequences of host adaptation for performance of vesicular stomatitis virus in novel thermal environments. Evol. Ecol. 24: 299-315.
  • Kesavaraju, B., Alto, B.W., Afify, A. & Gaugler, R. 2010. Malathion influences competition between Aedes albopictus and Aedes japonicus. J. Med. Entomol. 47:1011-1018.
  • Muturi, E.J., Costanzo, K.S., Kesavaraju, B., Lampman, R. & Alto, B.W. 2010. Interactions of a pesticide and larval competition on life history traits of Culex pipiens. Acta Tropica 116:141-146. 
  • Turner, P.E., Morales, N., Alto, B.W. & Remold, S.K. 2010. Role of evolved host breadth in the initial emergence of an RNA virus. Evolution 64: 3273-3286.
  • Alto, B.W., Kesavaraju, B., Juliano, S.A. & Lounibos, L.P. 2009. Stage-dependent predation on competitors: consequences for the outcome of a mosquito invasion. J. Anim. Ecol. 78: 928-936.
  • Alto, B.W., Reiskind, M.H. & Lounibos, L.P. 2008. Size alters susceptibility of vectors to dengue virus infection and dissemination. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 79: 688-695.
  • Alto, B.W., Lounibos, L.P., Mores, C.N. & Reiskind, M.H. 2008. Larval competition alters susceptibility of adult Aedes mosquitoes to dengue infection. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 275: 463-471.
  • Lounibos, L.P., Makhni, S., Alto, B.W. & Kesavaraju, B. 2008. Surplus killing by predatory larvae of Corethrella appendiculata: Prepupal timing and site-specific attack on mosquito prey. J. Insect Behav. 21: 47-54.
  • Kesavaraju, B., Alto, B.W., Juliano, S.A. & Lounibos, L.P. 2007. Behavioral responses of larval container mosquitoes to a size-selective predator. Ecol. Entomol. 32: 262-272.
  • Richards, S.L., Pesko, K.N., Alto, B.W. & Mores, C.N. 2007. Reduced infection in mosquitoes exposed to blood meals containing previously frozen Flaviviruses. Virus Res. 129: 224-227.
  • Alto, B.W., Griswold, M.W. & Lounibos, L.P. 2005. Habitat and sex-dependent predation of mosquito larvae in containers. Oecologia 146: 300-310.
  • Alto, B.W., Lounibos, L.P., Higgs, S. & Juliano, S.A. 2005. Larval competition differentially affects arbovirus infection in Aedes mosquitoes. Ecology 86: 3279-3288.